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What is a Back Plane Controller?

What is a Back Plane Controller?

Before we can discuss what a dell backplane cable is, it is necessary to understand what a back plane is.We will talk about the drive back planes.

No Back plane Scenario

The majority of the time you will find only one connector to one drive. Therefore, if the server has 16 drives, you’ll possess 16 connections. This is a lot of signals. When you’ve got these drives, and you’re wondering what to do? Managing drives becomes a hassle.

The management of a lot of drives can be a hassle! What exactly do you mean by this?

 There is plenty of confusion.

Someone decided it would be an excellent idea to create an indicator. They came up with an LED indicator that could be used to detect the drive that is 6.5 inch backplane cable. It would flash, allowing you to pinpoint exactly where to locate the drive that is defective. But, the server still on. It is not possible to simply remove the drive. This means you have to get your drive to be to plug in.

If you have a server with many drives, there is a variety of LEDs to be monitored. There is likely to be several LEDs on each connector or drive. The LEDs will indicate information about the state of the drive connected to the slot. For instance:

  • Drive well, solid green LED
  • Drive bad solid amber or red LED
  • Writing or reading Flash green LED
  • Rebuilding of drives and flashing red LED
  • No drive present/absent, no LED
  • Drive was taken out
  • Connect the drive to the internet

The BPC is a key component. It’s a way of showing the status that your entire drive is in. The BPC can also allow the processor to talk to it against each drive, i.e. one device against many.

If adding NVMe into the equation, the complexity gets more complex. NVMe does not utilize the same methods of communication like SAS as well as SATA. This means you need to incorporate additional methods to work with NVMe. SAS as well as SATA hot plugs are difficult to design. NVMe hot plugs are more challenging.

Once you’ve created and built a back plane controller, it is time to test it. Do you think it would be difficult to test every combination?

AMI has created as well as evaluated an NVMe BPC known as the MG9098 BPC. The MG90989 is able to support the combination with eight SAS, SATA and NVMe drives. It is able to support the use of up to 32 drives, you are using just four.

What is the process by which SATA and SAS function?

Serial Advanced Technology Attachment (more frequently referred to SATA) is a form of interface for hardware that allows to transfer data between or out of HDDs as well as SSDs.

SAS is able to increase the number of IOPS (inputs to outputs per second) over SATA, which means it can read and write data more quickly. This makes SAS the ideal option for systems that need the highest performance and accessibility. When it comes to computing, SAS is a point-to-point serial protocol that transfers data between computer storage devices like tape drives and hard drives… SAS, as its predecessor, utilizes its standard SCSI commands set.

Protocol Interface

Each interface comes with the controller interface or protocol. For instance Advance Host Controller Interface, or AHCI, is a hardware mechanism that lets software communicate with SATA devices that are SATA-based.


PCIe has been in use for some time but is now seeing a rise in popularity because of its speed.

In light of SATA’s 0.6 GB/s limit (see the table above), PCIe is starting to supersede SATA as the most current high-bandwidth interface. PCIe’s connections consist of one or more data-transmission lane connected in serial fashion. You can choose to have one, four, eight, or sixteen lanes within a single PCIe slot.

PCIe’s technology allows interface speeds up to per client lanes (PCIe 3.0) as opposed to SATA, 0.6 GB/s. Additional lanes from SATA will require additional SATA devices, however PCIe bandwidth can be increased up to 16 lane in a single device.

Although computers can contain a mixture of different kinds of expansion slots, PCIe is the most common internal interface.

PCIe’s performance improvements continue, with 3.1 released in the marketplace. 

What is the future bringing?

SATA SSDs are likely to remain in use as larger capacity flash storage for the near future. If speed isn’t an issue, and you’re looking for a more affordable, HDD is likely to remain an affordable alternative due to their low-cost per gigabyte.In addition, NVMe is slowly replacing SAS SSDs for enterprise-grade/performance-based IT as data centers look to enhance user experience.

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