One of the most important aspects of your website is choosing the various domain names. It helps you to build an online presence of yourself.
Your domain name should be unique. Normally any name for domain consists of the business name with extension. However, sometimes finding a name for your domain like your business name is hard. In such a case you can rephrase the words or change their sequence to make it work. However, no matter what, always ensure that your domain name includes your business name. It is important because it will strengthen your brand name and will help to find an audience.
In this guide we will tell you everything that you need to know about Domain names. Moreover, we will also talk about how developing a name for your domain is different from buying one. What is a domain Name?
How Is a Domain Name Different from URL?
Most of the time people confuse the domain name with a URL. But they both are different. A URL is a Universal Resource Locator. It is quite similar to a name of your domain but their function is completely different. URL is the entire web address that sends your visitors to your page/Site. It has three things in it; protocol, domain and path.
How Do Domain Names Work?
When you are creating a website, you have to deal with two things. One of these two things is the name for the domain and the other is web hosting. No matter what the IP address is every domain name is linked to each other. And they point to a specific web server which hosts their sites.
So when a user enters a domain name into a site will look for a linked IP address with the help of a global network of Domain Name Systems (DNS) servers. After that, the server with the IP address information returns it to the web browser.
It then requests information about the site from the domain’s hosting service. The web server contains All of the website’s data, including files, databases, and HTML code. The web browser converts the data that the host sends back and put it into a web page that users can view.
Different Types of Domain Names.
There are many different types of extension in the domain names. The most common that we all see around it “.com” extension. However, this isn’t the only one. There are many other extensions, like, .net, .org , .tv , .io etc. But we recommend that whenever you build a website go for the .com extension. However, here are comprehensive list by NY Biennial Statement Online of all the different types of domain names available.
1. Top Level Domain-TLD
The mTLD or Top level domain TLD is a generic domain Extension. It is one of the highest levels in the domain name system. There are hundreds of TLDs. Some of the most common ones that you too have heard of are, .com, .org, and .net. However, this is not it. There are many other Domain names too. These include, .biz, .club, .info, .agency, etc. However, most developers do not recommend using these extensions.
2. Country Code Top Level Domain – ccTLD.
Another type of domain Name is the country code top-level domain. It is also known as ccTLD. It normally ends with a country code extension. Like if your country is the United Kingdom then .uk, .de for Germany, .pk for Pakistan , .in for India etc. companies who want to portray their originating countries and their target market are people of their country mostly use this extension.
3. Sponsored Top Level Domain – sTLD
The last type of domain name is sTLD. It shows a specific community has a sponsor representing them. For example,.edu is for educational institutions, .gov is for the US government, and.mil is for the US military, among others.
Difference Between registering a Domain name and Developing one:
There are two ways of getting a domain name. You can either register for an already existing one which someone else has stopped using or you can develop your own.
Registering a Domain Name.
Domain names are not premade. Businesses pay to develop a special one for them. But sometimes the business closes and they don’t have any use of their domain name, so they can sell it off to someone else.
Domain name registries are maintained by companies known as registrars. they keep track of the technical and administrative information that connects you to your domain name. You can pay a one-time or multi-year fee for the right to use a domain name.
Developing a Domain Name.
Most of the time people want to create something different and unique. So they cannot just opt for pre existing domain names. So in that case they want to develop their own name for domain. For that they first need to select a domain name Registrar. After you get it approved, find an extension. The most popular suffix is.com, but other options include.net and.org.
You’ll pay the domain registrar to register the name once you’ve decided on a domain name and a suffix. However, this is not a one-time purchase. Typically, you will pay for a year’s worth of ownership, after which you can renew your registration for a fee.
Who takes care of the Domain Name System?
The domain name system is managed by the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). It is a non-profit organization that develops and implements domain name policies.
The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) grants Domain Name Registrars permission to sell domain names. These domain registrars have the authority to make changes to the registry on your behalf.
Registrars can sell domain names, manage their records, renew them, and transfer them to other registrars.
You are responsible for informing the registrar where to send requests as the domain name owner. You’re also in charge of keeping your domain registration current.
The name of your brand will be the domain name. It’s something you’ll have to think about and research for a while. For example, if you don’t do your homework, you might end up with a domain name that’s very similar to one of your competitors.
Many people rush the domain selection process, and once their website takes off, they wish they had taken their time earlier. It’s not the end of the world if you have to rebrand your website. It can, however, be avoided by selecting the appropriate domain name from the start.