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What ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder) Looks Like?


The condition known as Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) has an impact on how people behave. People with ADHD symptoms may appear restless, struggle to focus, and act impulsively. The signs of ADHD are typically identified at a young age and may worsen as a child’s environment changes, such as when they start school. The majority of cases are identified in children between the ages of 3 and 7, though this can occasionally happen later in childhood.

Sometimes people with ADHD are diagnosed as adults because they were not diagnosed in adolescence. Although many adults who were diagnosed with ADHD when they were young continue to have issues, the symptoms of the condition typically get better as people age. Anxiety and sleep disorders are two additional issues that people with ADHD may experience.

ADHD is neither curable nor avoidable. Early detection of ADHD, along with a good treatment and education plan, can help a child or adults manage their ADHD symptoms. Paid ADHD Clinical Trials can help us learn more about this condition in both children and adults.

Types of ADHD:

ADHD comes in three main forms:

  • Predominantly inattentive presentation
  • Predominantly hyperactive and impulsive behavior presentation
  • Combined presentation

A diagnosis is made based on the existence of enduring symptoms that have developed over time and have become apparent over the previous six months. Although ADHD can be identified at any age, this disorder first manifests in young children. The symptoms must have been bothersome in more than one setting and have been present before the person is 12 years old when the diagnosis is being made. For instance, the symptoms may appear elsewhere besides at home.

Predominantly Inattentive Presentation:

The term “inattentive” describes problems with organization, focus, and completing tasks. If six of the following symptoms are present frequently, or five if the patient is 17 years old or older, a diagnosis of this type of ADHD is made:

  1. Does not pay close attention to details or commits careless errors when performing tasks at work or in school. has trouble maintaining concentration during conversations, lectures, or extended reading.
  2. When spoken to, doesn’t appear to be listening (i.e., seems to be elsewhere).
  3. Does not carry out instructions, finish tasks, or perform job responsibilities (may start tasks but quickly loses focus).
  4. Has difficulty planning tasks and work (for instance, does not manage time well; has messy, disorganized work; misses deadlines).
  5. Avoids or despises mental labor-intensive tasks, such as writing reports and filling out forms.
  6. Frequently misplaces items necessary for tasks or day-to-day living, including books, keys, wallets, cell phones, and eyeglasses.
  7. Is prone to distraction.
  8. Forgets to do chores and run errands, among other daily tasks. Adults and older adolescents sometimes forget to keep appointments, pay bills, and return calls.

Predominantly Hyperactive and Impulsive Behavior Presentation:

Hyperactivity is the term for excessive movements, such as fidgeting, high levels of energy, moving around while seated, and chattiness. Decisions or actions taken on the spur of the moment are referred to as impulsive. If six of the following symptoms are present frequently, or five if the patient is 17 years old or older, a diagnosis of this type of ADHD is made:

  1. Moves their hands, feet, or seat while fidgeting.
  2. Unwilling to remain seated (in the classroom, workplace).
  3. Runs around or climbs inappropriately.
  4. Unable to play or enjoy quiet activities.
  5. Always moving, as if propelled by a motor.
  6. Talks excessively.
  7. Answers questions hastily (for example, by finishing other people’s sentences or by being impatient to speak in conversations).
  8. Has trouble waiting their turn, such as when standing in line.
  9. Interrupts or intrudes on others (for example, starts using another person’s things without their permission or interrupts games, conversations, or activities). Adults and older adolescents may take over other people’s tasks.

Combined Presentation:

When both the criteria for the inattentive and hyperactive/impulsive types of ADHD are met, this type of ADHD is diagnosed.

Typically, mental health professionals or general practitioners will diagnose ADHD. A complete psychiatric and medical history, family history, details about education, environment, and upbringing, a description of symptoms from the patient and caregivers, and the completion of scales and questionnaires by the patient, caregivers, and teachers. In order to rule out other medical conditions, it might also include a referral for a medical evaluation.

It is crucial to remember that a number of conditions, including learning disorders, mood disorders, anxiety, substance abuse, head injuries, thyroid issues, and the use of some medications like steroids, can mimic ADHD. Other mental health conditions like oppositional defiant disorder or conduct disorder, anxiety disorders, and learning disorders may coexist with ADHD. Consequently, a thorough psychiatric evaluation is crucial.

Diagnosis of ADHD:

There are no particular blood tests or standard imaging procedures for diagnosing ADHD. To determine the severity of symptoms, patients may occasionally be referred for additional psychological testing (such as neuropsychological or psychoeducational testing) or may take computer-based tests.

Identifying whether a child has ADHD is a multi-step process. The symptoms of many other conditions, including anxiety, depression, sleep issues, and specific types of learning disabilities, can be similar to those of ADHD, which cannot be diagnosed with a single test. A medical exam, which includes hearing and vision tests, is one step in the procedure to rule out other conditions that have symptoms similar to ADHD. A checklist for rating ADHD symptoms and obtaining a medical history from the child’s parents, teachers, and occasionally the child themselves are typically used in the diagnosis of ADHD.

Treatment of ADHD:

Typically, behavioral therapies, medication, or a combination of the two are used to treat ADHD.

Psychotherapy, also known as talk therapy, is one type of therapy. You or your child will talk about how ADHD affects your life and how to manage it during talk therapy.

Behavior therapy is another type of therapy. You or your child can learn how to keep an eye on and control their behavior with the aid of this therapy.

If you have ADHD, medication can also be very beneficial. ADHD medications work by altering certain brain chemicals to help you better control your impulses and behavior.


Stimulants and non-stimulants are the two main classes of medications used to treat ADHD.

The most frequently prescribed ADHD medications are those that stimulate the central nervous system (CNS). The brain chemicals dopamine and norepinephrine are produced in greater quantities as a result of these medications.

Methylphenidate (Ritalin) and amphetamine-based stimulants are examples of such drugs (Adderall).

A non-stimulant medication may be recommended by your doctor if stimulants don’t work as well as expected or if they have bothersome side effects for you or your child. Some non-stimulants function by raising the brain’s norepinephrine levels.

These drugs include bupropion and some antidepressants like atomoxetine (Strattera or Wellbutrin).

Both advantages and disadvantages of ADHD medications can be significant. Find out more about adult ADHD treatment options.

ADHD in adults:

More than 60% of kids with ADHD continue to experience symptoms as adults. While inattentiveness and impulsivity may persist with age, hyperactivity symptoms frequently diminish for many people as they get older.

Having said that, therapy is crucial. Adults with untreated ADHD may experience negative effects in a variety of spheres of life. Time management issues, forgetfulness, and impatience are some of the symptoms that can cause issues at work, at home, and in all kinds of relationships.

Conditions that Coexist with ADHD:

Other mental health conditions, such as depression, anxiety, and sleep disorders, are sometimes present in people with ADHD.


People with ADHD may struggle to complete daily tasks, maintain relationships, and so on. This can increase the likelihood of anxiety.

Anxiety disorders include the following:

  • When you are afraid of being separated from loved ones, you have separation anxiety.
  • Social anxiety can cause you to be afraid to go to school or other places where people socialize.
  • When you have generalized anxiety, you are afraid of bad things happening, of the future, and so on.


If you or your child has ADHD, you are more likely to suffer from depression. According to one study, approximately 50% of adolescents had major depression or an anxiety disorder.

This may seem like an unfair double whammy, but know that treatments for both conditions are available. Indeed, the treatments frequently overlap. Both conditions can benefit from talk therapy. Certain antidepressants, such as bupropion, can also help alleviate ADHD symptoms.

Sleep disorders:

People with ADHD are more likely to have shorter sleep durations, difficulty falling and staying asleep, and a higher risk of developing a sleep disorder. Nightmares are also common in children with ADHD, particularly those who also suffer from insomnia. Sleep problems in ADHD tend to worsen with age, though sleep problems in childhood are a risk factor for the recurrence of ADHD symptoms in the future.


Untreated ADHD can have a negative impact on your life, both for kids and adults. It may have an impact on relationships, work, and school. To lessen the effects of the condition, treatment is crucial.

Keep track of your symptoms and visit your doctor on a regular basis. Medication and treatments that were once effective might no longer be effective. Multiple Clinical Research Organizations near you are conducting Clinical Trials in ADHD and other Psychiatric conditions to help us understand these complex conditions and find potential treatment options for them. It’s possible that you’ll need to alter your treatment plan. Some people’s symptoms improve as they get older, and some are able to stop taking medication.

Moin Tabish

Moin Tabish is a Software Engineer and a Digital Content Producer And Marketer Particularly related to medical technology, software Development and More.

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